India's Joint Parliamentary Committee Announces Recommended Changes to Privacy Bill

Last month, the Indian Joint Parliamentary Committee submitted its report on the 2019 Personal Data Protection Bill after two years of consideration, research, and analysis. The bill, while not a certainty but likely to pass, would replace what some consider to be archaic data protection regulations. Although not finalized, the biggest obstacle if implemented as envisioned is strict data localization. India has been in the group of countries legislating data privacy for decades, culminating in the 2021 JPC report submission. Here’s a look at the history of data privacy legislation in India.


The History of Data Privacy Legislation in India

  • 2000 – Information Technology Act is passed by parliament and signed by President K.R. Narayanan addressing electronic documents, e-signatures, and record authentication.
  • 2017 – The Indian Supreme Court hears Justice KS Puttaswamy vs Union of Indiaand passes a historic judgment affirming the constitutional right to privacy.
  • 2019 – Introduction of the Personal Data Protection Bill and immediately sent to the JPC to be examined.
  • 2021 – JPC submits report on PDP to Indian Parliament revisions.


The long-awaited report submitted December 16, 2021 by the JPC has provided necessary clarification and modifications that seek to enhance the syntax and governance of the bill.


The recommended amendments are as follows:

  • Scope – The bill has a proposed name change to Data Protection Bill and will cover both personal and non-personal data which is unusual as distinction of data type can be difficult when managing mass amounts of data. Clauses also address the deceased and transfer of minor rights (see Clause 16 below).
  • Implementation Timeline – The report outlines a timeline with a 24-month implementation period for data processors to comply.
  • Definitions – The following terms have been defined or revised: consent manager, data auditor, data breach, data fiduciary, data processor, data protection officer, harm, and non-personal data.
  • Clauses 13 & 14 – These clauses apply to consent of personal data processing for employment and legitimate interest, marrying the interests of both the data principal and data fiduciary.
  • Clause 16 – Entities dealing with the data of children must register with the DPA and are required to communicate with the subject 3 months prior to adult age to regain consent and “must continue providing the services to the child unless the child withdraws consent.”


The implementation timeline for the Data Protection Bill is still unknown but will likely be a phased approach. Like California, there is discussion of an oversight committee called the Data Protection Authority of India that would supervise compliance with the proposed law. With the notable amendments to the bill, it’s unlikely we’ll see this come to fruition quickly. Not unlike most proposed privacy legislation, it has been met with dissent and opposition and will have to make its way through the courts of India before becoming law.


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Say Hello to House Bill 376, the Proposed Ohio Personal Privacy Act

Ohio is joining the likes of Massachusetts, New York, and Texas by introducing a privacy bill. The Ohio Personal Privacy Act (House Bill 376) would apply to companies with sales above $25 million or ones that keep records on more than 100,000 customers, similar to the California Consumer Privacy Act; however, it differs from the CCPA in that the legislation has been tailored to protect small and midsized businesses.

According to the Columbus Dispatch, Rep. Rick Carfagna, R-Genoa Township said, “It's going to be a very small number of their members who are impacted" (Staver, 2021). Ohio lawmakers worked closely with the Ohio chapter of the National Federation of Independent Businesses to ensure they’re creating a privacy policy, that according to Carrie Kuruc, deputy director of InnovateOhio, says “other states and the federal government can use as a model.”

InnovateOhio, led by Lt. Governor Jon Husted, aims to develop new and creative solutions to improve services and cut expenses in state government. CyberOhio is a branch of InnovateOhio with an Advisory Committee of cybersecurity experts and business leaders headed by Kirk M. Herath. In a first for state privacy bills “CyberOhio considered other state’s privacy laws when drafting the OPPA, and attempted to come up with an alternative to the California/CCPA/CPRA model” said Herath, when speaking to Consumer Privacy World (Bryan, 2021). This resulted in Ohio placing a strong emphasis on the NIST framework.

Here are some key consumer rights in House Bill 376, the proposed Ohio Personal Privacy Act:

  • Ask to see what data a company has collected. 
  • Request a correction to any inaccurate information in that data. 
  • Delete their data at any time for any reason. 
  • Tell a company to stop selling their data. 
  • Go directly to the Ohio attorney general's office with complaints, but no private right of action would exist under this legislation. 

Truyo’s president, Dan Clarke, says, “In the absence of comprehensive federal policy on the collection and use of personal information, my home state of Ohio has taken the initiative in introducing a moderate privacy law. By following the examples in Colorado and Virginia and explicitly exempting a private right of action, this new proposed bill may have the support necessary to become law.”

Truyo will keep you up to date on progress of the Ohio Personal Privacy Act. Sign up for our newsletter to receive prompt notification of all state changes.




Bryan, K. (2021, July 14). BREAKING: Ohio’s Legislature Considering Passing the Ohio Personal Privacy Act with Support of Governor DeWine and Lt. Governor Husted. Consumer Privacy World.

Staver, A. (2021, July 13). Data privacy: Ohio introduces bill to let consumers see, delete the info companies keep. The Columbus Dispatch.

Ale Johnson
About Ale Johnson
Ale Johnson is the Marketing Content Specialist at Truyo.
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