India's Joint Parliamentary Committee Announces Recommended Changes to Privacy Bill

Last month, the Indian Joint Parliamentary Committee submitted its report on the 2019 Personal Data Protection Bill after two years of consideration, research, and analysis. The bill, while not a certainty but likely to pass, would replace what some consider to be archaic data protection regulations. Although not finalized, the biggest obstacle if implemented as envisioned is strict data localization. India has been in the group of countries legislating data privacy for decades, culminating in the 2021 JPC report submission. Here’s a look at the history of data privacy legislation in India.

 

The History of Data Privacy Legislation in India

  • 2000 – Information Technology Act is passed by parliament and signed by President K.R. Narayanan addressing electronic documents, e-signatures, and record authentication.
  • 2017 – The Indian Supreme Court hears Justice KS Puttaswamy vs Union of Indiaand passes a historic judgment affirming the constitutional right to privacy.
  • 2019 – Introduction of the Personal Data Protection Bill and immediately sent to the JPC to be examined.
  • 2021 – JPC submits report on PDP to Indian Parliament revisions.

 

The long-awaited report submitted December 16, 2021 by the JPC has provided necessary clarification and modifications that seek to enhance the syntax and governance of the bill.

 

The recommended amendments are as follows:

  • Scope – The bill has a proposed name change to Data Protection Bill and will cover both personal and non-personal data which is unusual as distinction of data type can be difficult when managing mass amounts of data. Clauses also address the deceased and transfer of minor rights (see Clause 16 below).
  • Implementation Timeline – The report outlines a timeline with a 24-month implementation period for data processors to comply.
  • Definitions – The following terms have been defined or revised: consent manager, data auditor, data breach, data fiduciary, data processor, data protection officer, harm, and non-personal data.
  • Clauses 13 & 14 – These clauses apply to consent of personal data processing for employment and legitimate interest, marrying the interests of both the data principal and data fiduciary.
  • Clause 16 – Entities dealing with the data of children must register with the DPA and are required to communicate with the subject 3 months prior to adult age to regain consent and “must continue providing the services to the child unless the child withdraws consent.”

 

The implementation timeline for the Data Protection Bill is still unknown but will likely be a phased approach. Like California, there is discussion of an oversight committee called the Data Protection Authority of India that would supervise compliance with the proposed law. With the notable amendments to the bill, it’s unlikely we’ll see this come to fruition quickly. Not unlike most proposed privacy legislation, it has been met with dissent and opposition and will have to make its way through the courts of India before becoming law.

 

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Washington State Privacy Act: Is the 3rd Time the Charm?

Updated April 26, 2021 at 11:13am: The Washington State Privacy Act has not passed, missing the chance for a vote before the Washington State Legislature adjourned on Sunday April 25, 2021. 

Updated April 21, 2021 at 8:45am: Truyo has learned that the bill is still being discussed as recently as last night with movement towards a compromise. 

Updated April 14, 2021 at 8:30am: A representative of Washington State Sen. Reuven Carlyle (D) said he believes “the bill remains alive through the end of the legislative session.” Though the April 11th deadline to vote on non-fiscal bills has passed, sources say that a compromise is being discussed. 

Updated April 12, 2021 at 11:30am: Sunday night's House session ended without a vote on the Washington Privacy Act. The House proposed twenty-five amendments to the bill that weren't debated prior to the end of the session, not allowing for a vote. At this time, it is unclear if the bill will still be under consideration. We will update as we learn more. 

The state of Washington has made alterations to the proposed consumer privacy act, SB 5062, in the hopes that it can be the latest privacy legislation to pass. Previous attempts to pass the Washington Privacy Act have been halted due to disagreement on the limited private right of action. In an effort to compromise, adjustments have been made to that portion of the bipartisan bill.

The law would pertain to legal entities that conduct business in Washington or produce products or services that are targeted to Washington residents. They must also meet the following criteria:

  • during a calendar year, control or process the personal data of 100,000 or more Washington residents or
  • derive over 25% of their gross revenue from the sale of personal data and process or
  • control the personal data of 25,000 or more Washington residents. 

Next Steps for Washington State Lawmakers

On March 6, 2021 the state Senate voted 48-1 to push the legislation forward. The bill is expected to pass the House but reconciling it with the Senate version will be the next key milestone. If passed, the Washington Privacy Act would give consumers the right to access, correct, and delete personal data collected by companies. It would also call on businesses to issue privacy notices and implement reasonable security standards.

Previous Attempts to Pass Legislation

Similar versions of the bill have been passed twice by the state Senate but met their demise when voted on by the House. The WPA failed when the two chambers could not come to an agreement on enforcement provisions that allowed consumers a private right of action in past iterations. The way the bill stands today, the Attorney General can investigate and impose penalties on companies who are not in compliance.

With the support of the House for this vote, Washington state would join California and Virginia as the third state to have comprehensive legislation to give access to and safeguard consumers’ personal information.

Ale Johnson
About Ale Johnson
Ale Johnson is the Marketing Content Specialist at Truyo.
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